Simply put, organic farming is an agricultural production system that seeks to provide consumers with fresh, tasty and authentic, respecting the cycle of nature.
To achieve this, organic farming is based on objectives and principles, as well as on common practices designed to minimize human impact on the environment and at the same time allow the agricultural system to work as naturally as possible.
Organic farming practices generally include:
Crop rotation for efficient use of local resources.
very narrow limits in the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, antibiotics in animals, in food additives and adjuvants, and other inputs.
The ban on the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
The effective use of local resources, such as for example the use of the manure to fertilize the land or the cultivation of fodder for livestock on the farm
The choice of animals to plants that are disease resistant and they adapt to the local conditions
The international scenario
Organic farming worldwide is continuing its rise and is currently practiced in over 120 countries; But it can reasonably assume that this method is also implemented in other countries, although in the absence of certification.
According to recent surveys, they are currently planted with organic about 31 million hectares by over 634,000 farms. But if you consider the spontaneous organic products, whose surfaces would amount, according to estimates, about 62 million hectares would reach an extremely large amount of bio extensions.
By analyzing the amount of the surfaces in each continent, it is observed that the Oceania holds the largest share, accounting for 39% of the world total, followed at some distance by Europe (23%) and Latin America (19% ), while smaller percentages are found in Asia (9%), North America (7%) and Africa (3%).
The suit ranking when considering the proportion of organic extensions compared to the total agricultural land in each country. In the front row arises Liechtenstein (about 27%), followed by Austria (14%), Switzerland (11.5%) and Italy (8.4%). It can be noted that the countries with the highest incidences of biological surfaces in the complex of agricultural land are located mainly in Europe, while the lowest levels were recorded in other continents.
Finally, in the list of nations with the largest number of organic companies it ranked first in Mexico with more than 80,000 farms, followed by Italy (almost 50,000), Uganda (40,000) and Sri Lanka ( 35000).
In conclusion, the data presented show an overall growth from the supply side and fairly widespread production, while on the demand side a strong concentration on the countries where the higher the purchasing power. These countries, therefore, are unable to meet the growing demand for organic products from domestic production and resort, to meet the demands, a growing quantity of product imported.
Thus there is an asymmetry between the places of production and those of consumption, with the creation of a big distinction in the various producing nations between producing countries and consumers of organic products.
The Grassenio and organic farm
In response to the growing demand for organic products and in relation to the concrete market opportunities offered by this sector, the farm Grassenio has for years been engaged in the implementation of organic farming methods and the manufacture and sale of agricultural products produced according to the strict guidelines issued in respect of organic production by the European Commission. In this case, in keeping with the 1991/2007 Council Regulation amending Regulation EEC / n. 2092/91 on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring thereto on agricultural products and foodstuffs, which came into force in January 2007, and in conjunction with the periodic inspection and certification in the organic production sector carried out by the body relevant controlling, ECOGRUPPO Italy, the farm Grassenio is able to provide the following products of biological origin:
fichidindia quality A (Agostini)
fichidindia quality B (Late-Filing)
prickly pear juice (quality A and B)
almonds in shell